God spared Nineveh through the reluctant ministry of Jonah. It took Jonah three days to walk across the city and they repented. Now 150 years later, they have reverted to their old ways of ungodliness and brutality. What is the central message of Nahum? God is a jealous God! Nineveh is an example that explains the doctrine of God’s jealousy.
In Nahum, God is glorifying Himself through jealousy, so that He might demonstrate His superior goodness in the salvation sinners, the damnation of the wicked, and for the preservation of His people for His eternal glory, and their eternal joy.
The author identifies himself as Nahum the Elkoshite (Nah. 1:1).
Nahum wrote after the fall of Thebes in 663 B.C., but before Nineveh’s fall in 612 B.C.
“The Lord is good,
A stronghold in the day of trouble;
And He knows those who trust in Him.
But with an overflowing flood
He will make an utter end of its place,
And darkness will pursue His enemies.”
“ ‘Behold, I am against you,’ says the Lord of hosts;
‘I will lift your skirts over your face,
I will show the nations your nakedness,
And the kingdoms your shame.
I will cast abominable filth upon you,
Make you vile,
And make you a spectacle.
It shall come to pass that all who look upon you
Will flee from you, and say,
“Nineveh is laid waste!
Who will bemoan her?”
Where shall I seek comforters for you?’ ”
In Nahum 1:15, the prophet speaks about those who bring good tidings and proclaim peace. The Apostle Paul quotes this verse in Romans 10:15 and applies it to those who proclaim the gospel of Jesus Christ.
Who was the audience of Nahum’s prophecy?
Nineveh (Nah. 1:1).
When did Nahum prophesy?
150 years after Jonah and the repentance of Nineveh, but before Jeremiah and Ezekiel.
What had happened to Nineveh since the time of Jonah’s prophecy?
They had returned to their violence (Jon. 3:8; Nah. 3:1–3).
What is the key verse in Nahum?
“God is jealous, and the Lord avenges; the Lord avenges and is furious. The Lord will take vengeance on His adversaries, and He reserves wrath for His enemies” Nahum 1:2.